Modern automotive engineering is a branch of vehicle engineering, incorporating elements of mechanical, electrical, electronic, software and safety engineering as applied to the design, manufacture and operation of motorcycles, automobiles, buses and trucks and their respective engineering subsystems. Automotive engineers are involved in almost every aspect of designing cars and trucks, from the initial concepts right through to manufacturing them.
Broadly speaking, automotive engineers are separated into three main streams: product engineering, development engineering and manufacturing engineering.
- Product engineer designs components/systems and tests a part, seeing that it meets all its requirements, performs as required, material meets desired durability and so on.
- Development engineer, engineers the attributes of the automobile.
- Manufacturing engineer determines how to make it.
The automobile industry in India has witnessed a rapid growth over the last couple of decades and in recent years it has also captured the attention of the whole world with some innovative products. It includes manufacturing two-wheelers, passenger cars, trucks, tractors, defense vehicles and buses. It requires skilled and trained manpower with good technical knowledge. There are plenty of employment opportunities for the qualified people and they can select a career in Automobile Industry, which leads to bright future.
Scope of Automobile industry in India
According to Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM), the total automobile sales in the domestic market was reported 1114157 units in January2010 , increasing by 44.9% while for the same period last year 7,68,698 units were reported sold. Car sales in January saw a growth of 32% as it was reported 145000 units in the first month of 2010. The data for car sales surprised the analysts as it beats the previous best of 133000 sales recorded in November 2009, according to the data released by SIAM. Today, India is well known as a potential emerging automobile market and jobs in the automobile industry are rising. Several foreign companies have their investments in Indian automobile industry. India is the major three-wheeler market and two-wheeler manufacturer in the world. It is also the second largest manufacturer of tractors. India is a home to many Indian and international automobile companies.
Plenty of job opportunities are waiting for qualified Automobile engineers. Considering the wide scope of Automobile sector, it is not surprising that more and more candidates are dreaming to develop a career in Automobile Industry. Now, with so many foreign automobile companies like Volkswagen, Audi, Renault etc. targeting India as a base for manufacturing cars, the scope for a career in Automobile Industry is rising rapidly.
As automobile industry is showing rapid growth in India, the country becomes a house to numerous well-established automobile companies. They offer excellent job opportunities to develop a career in Automobile Industry. Some of the popular car-producing companies that offer jobs in the automobile industry are- Suzuki, Toyota, Tata, Fiat, Honda, Mahindra & Mahindra, Ford, Hyundai and Skoda. Manufacturing of two-wheelers is dominated by the companies TVS, Bajaj Auto, LML, Kinetic, Yamaha and Hero Honda. The tractors are manufactured by the popular companies like Escorts, L&T, Mahindra & Mahindra, Punjab Tractors, John-Deere, New Holland and ITL-Renault.
Automobile engineering projects can range from developing alternate fuel vehicles, developing engines with a lower environmental pollution, designing newer technologies in vehicle designs etc.